Yucca faxoniana, Spanish Bayonet
Scientific Name: Yucca faxoniana
Common Name: Eve's-Needle
Also Called: Carneros Yucca, Faxon Yucca, Giant Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, (Spanish: Palma de San Pedro, Palma Samandoca, Palma Barreta, Palma Loca, Palmilla)
Family: Agavaceae, Agave or Century Plant Family (Reclassified to Asparagaceae)
Synonyms: (Samuela carnerosana, Samuela faxoniana, Yucca carnerosana)
Size: 8 to 23 feet tall, (2.5-6.9 m) including flowering (inflorescence) stems.
Growth Form: Tree or shrub; plants solitary and erect, arborescent 1 stem or trunk, 1 or 2 branches upright.
Leaves: Green, evergreen, leaves long, bayonet-like, erect, yellowish green, rigid, smooth, glabrous, leaf margins conspicuous, curling with filiferous hairs, brown.
Flower Color: White to greenish white, flowering stem (inflorescence) erect, paniculate; flowers hanging (pendulous); fruits are pendent, elongated and baccate seeds are black.
Flowering Season: March to April
Elevation: 2,500 to 6,800 feet (800 - 2100 m)
Habitat Preferences: Hillsides, rocky slopes, flat desert areas, flat plains.
Recorded Range: Eve's Needle is relatively rare and uncommon the United States where it occurs in southern New Mexico and southwestern Texas (centered in Big Bends National Park in the in the central Rio Grande valley in the Chihuahuan Desert. It is also native to northeast Mexico where it occurs in larger numbers in (Chihuahua, Coahuila).
North America & US County Distribution Map for Yucca faxoniana.
U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.
In the Southwestern United States: Arizona has 8 species of Yucca, California has 3 species, Nevada has 5 species, New Mexico has 10 species, Texas has 18 species, Utah has 7 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.Comments: Eve's Needle or Spanish Bayonet is often used for landscaping in arid and semiarid regions of Texas and New Mexico with its dramatic form and showy flowers.
The species epithet "faxoniana" is named in honor of Charles Edward Faxon (1846-1918), an American botanical artist and instructor of botany. Mr. Faxon was born in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts.