Caesalpinia gilliesii, Bird-of-Paradise Shrub
Scientific Name: Caesalpinia gilliesii
Common Name: Bird-of-Paradise Shrub
Also Called: Bird of Paradise, Bird of Paradise Bush, Desert Bird of Paradise, Mexican Bird of Paradise, Paradise Caesalpinia, Paradise Poinciana, Yellow Bird of Paradise; (Spanish Amarillo, Barba de Chivo, Mal de Ojo, Tabachín).
Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae Family
Synonyms: (Caesalpinia macrantha, Erythrostemon gilliesii, Poinciana gilliesii)
Status: Naturalized - escapee from cultivation.
Size: 3 to 12 feet tall (1 to 4 m)
Growth Form: Tree or large shrubs; plants with a foul fragrance, stems glandular hairy.
Leaves: Green; evergreen; glabrous, compound, bipinnate
Flower Color: Yellow flowers with orange marks; 5 yellow petals with 10 pair of showy red stamen, borne in racemes up to 8 inches long (10 to 15 cm); fruit toxic, dehiscent, oblong and flat, pods curved to straight and twisted at maturity, seed pods gland-dotted with dense short red glandular hair.
Flowering Season: April or May to August and September
Elevation: Below 3,000 feet (914.4 m)
Habitat Preferences: Disturbed areas, roadside, gravelly areas.
Recorded Range: Bird-of-Paradise is found mainly in the southwestern United States in AZ, CA, GA, NM, NV, OK, TX and UT. Greatest populations are found in Arizona, New Mexico, Utah and Texas.
North America & US County Distribution Map for Caesalpinia gilliesii.
U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.
In the Southwestern United States Texas has 7 species of Caesalpinia, Arizona and California each have 3 species and Nevada, New Mexico and Utah each have 1 species. All data approximate and subject to revision.Comments: Bird-of-Paradise Shrub has beautiful and showy flowers and is often planted as an ornamental. Occasionally plants escape and become naturalized through the western, central and southern parts of the state. Plants are originally native to South America, mainly in Argentina and Uruguay. The plants are naturalized in southern Arizona and Texas. There also occur and are common in the rest of the southwestern United States.
Caesalpinia gilliesii is not a relative of the tropical Bird of Paradise in the genus Strelitzia.
In Southwest Desert Flora also see Red Bird-of-Paradise, Caesalpinia pulcherrima.